| On a December 27:
2000 Leanne, 7, and her elderly and sickly mother, Pat, 15, are kidnapped from the koala quarters of the San Francisco Zoo. They are in danger of starving, because it is unlikely that the kidnappers will be able to find the 1 kg of tender young eucalyptus leaves that each koala requires daily. Fortunately, in the early hours of the next day, the police receives an anonymous tip that enables them to rescue the two koalas, unhurt, but ravenous.
1988 Bulgaria stops jamming Radio Free Europe after more than
1984 Four Polish officers are tried for the murder of Father Jerzy Popieluszko.
| 1972 New North Korean constitution comes into effect.
1972 Se organiza en Argentina el FREJULI (Frente Justicialista de Liberación) formado por el peronismo y otros partidos menores.
1951 The US Postal Service in Cincinnati, Ohio, puts into service a Crosley right-hand-drive car designed specifically for mail delivery. The driver is on the mailbox-side of the car,
1950 The United States and Spain resume full diplomatic relations for the first time since the Spanish Civil War of the 1930s.
1949 Queen Juliana (Netherlands) grants sovereignty to United States of Indonesia. en el marco de una unión económica entre el archipiélago y la antigua metrópoli.
1947 The new Italian constitution is promulgated.
| 1945 Entran en vigor los Acuerdos de Bretton Woods sobre la creación
de un mecanismo de crédito internacional regulado por el Fondo Monetario
1943 France transfers most of her powers in Lebanon to Lebanese government
1941 Japan bombs Manila even though it was declared an "open
1941 Tire and rubber rationing starts in the US, due to shortages caused by World War II.
1939 1st American skimobiles (North Conway, NH)
1935 A causa de la crisis ministerial en Ecuador, Federico Páez proclama la dictadura militar tras la dimisión de Antonio Pons Campuzano.
1933 Josef Stalin calls tensions with Japan a grave danger.
1927 Stalin's faction wins All-Union Congress in USSR, Trotsky expelled.
1923 La Cruz Roja Internacional organiza una colecta para Alemania.
1923 Fracasa en Tokio un atentado contra el príncipe Hirohito.
1874 Alfonso XII, rey de España, accede al trono español gracias al golpe de Estado que protagoniza el general Martínez Campos.
1870 El general Juan Prim y Prats, presidente del Gobierno español, sufre un atentado en Madrid y fallece tres días después a causa de las heridas de bala recibidas.
1867 Ontario and Québec legislatures hold 1st meeting.
1845 Ether 1st used in childbirth in US, Jefferson GA
1788 Necker finit par convaincre le roi de France Louis XVI. Celui-ci décrète que le tiers état sera doublé lors des prochains Etats généraux. Les représentants de la noblesse sont inquiets : "Votre Majesté pourrait-elle sacrifier, humilier, sa brave, antique et respectable noblesse?"
1763 Los británicos devuelven Manila a los españoles con la firma del Tratado de paz de Fontainebleau.
1741 Prussian forces took Olmutz, Czechoslovakia
1726 St. John of the Cross, Spanish mystic and poet, is canonized.
1703 The Methuen Treaty was signed between Portugal and England, giving preference to the import of Portuguese wines into England.
1512 The laws of Burgos give New World natives legal protection against abuse and authorize Negro slavery.
1065 Sancho II es rey de Castilla tras la muerte de su padre Fernando I.
0418 [Etalius] begins his reign as Pope
| Deaths which occurred
on a December 27:
2000 Antonio Rodríguez Valdivieso, pintor español. nacido en Granada en 1918. MÁS SOBRE RODRIGUEZ EN ART 4 DECEMBER
| 1997 Billy Wright, protestante y lealista paramilitar, objetivo
pirncipal del IRA, es encontrado muerto en la cárcel norirlandesa de Maze,
víctima de cinco disparos. In Northern Ireland, Billy Wright was
assassinated. He was imprisoned as a Protestant paramilitary leader. |
1995 Boris Vladimirovich Gnedenko, mathematician.
1995 James Meade, científico británico.
1987 Rewi Alley, 90, NZ author, pro Chinese Communist, in Beijing
1985 Twenty persons killed by terrorists, 110 wounded, in attack on El Al at Rome and Vienna airports. US President Reagan blames Libyan leader Momar Qadhafi
1985 Dian Fossey, is found hacked to death at a research station in Rwanda. She was a US naturalist famous for studying gorillas in the wild
1979 President Hafizullah Amin of Afghanistan, Soviet puppet in office for 3 months (since the 14 September 1979 coup in which he murdered his predecessor puppet Noor Mohammad Taraki), is ousted and murdered in a coup backed by the Soviet Union, and replaced by Babrak Karmal, considered to be a more subservient puppet. Amin is the 3rd Afghan President in 20 months to be overthrown and murdered in a coup (the first one was killed in April 1978 in the Saur Revolution that brought the Marxists to power. He was Sardar Mohammad Daoud Khan, a non-Communist who had taken power in 1973 by overthrowing his cousin King Mohammad Zahir, abolishing the monarchy, and proclaiming himself the president of the Republic of Afghanistan in July 1973). The USSR moves massive troops into Afghanistan, intervening in what was until then a civil war between the Soviet puppet government and anti-Communist guerillas. The USSR will be stuck in Afghanistan for more than 10 years and ultimately defeated.
1959 Alfonso Reyes, escritor mexicano.
1958 Fray Gregorio Arcila Robledo, historiador y lingüista colombiano.
1950 Max Beckmann, German Expressionist painter born on 12 February 1884, one of the founders of what we now call modern art. MORE ON BECKMANN AT ART 4 DECEMBER LINKS Selbstbildnis als Krankenpfleger Self Portrait in Olive and Brown Christ with a Women Taken in Adultery Family Dancing Badden Badden Tux Man and Women Umberto Afternoon Argonaux The Acrobats 27 etchings at FAMSF
1946 Pedro Mata Domínguez, novelista español.
1943 Curtis Veeder, engineer, inventor of the modern automotive tachometer and odometer,
1940 Louis Hayet, French artist born on 29 August 1864.
1939 Some 20'000, in magnitude 8 quake (Erzincam Turkey)
1936 Leon Wyczolkowski, Polish artist born on 11 April 1852.
1915 Juan Menéndez Pidal, poeta y folclorista español.
1899 Henri Jacques Edouard Evenepoel, Belgian artist born on 04 October 1872.
1879 Jacob Thompson, British artist born on 28 August 1806.
1849 Jacques-Laurent Agasse, Swiss painter specialized in animals born on 24 March 1767. LINKS White Horse in Pasture The Last Stage on the Portsmouth Road Landing at Westminster Bridge The Flower Seller The Playground
1832 Karl Christian Friedrich Krause, filósofo alemán. [too much fried rich food?]
1805 Jean-Baptiste-Charles Claudot, French artist born in 1733.
1802 Jens Juel, Danish artist born on 12 May 1745. LINKS Jean-Armand Tronchin Madame de Pragins A Strom Brewing behind a Farmhouse in Zealand A Noblewoman with her Son A Running Boy
1795 Francisco Javier Eugenio de Santa Cruz y Espejo, líder independentista ecuatoriano.
1745 Johan Anton Richter, Swedish artist born in 1675, give or take 10 years. Capriccio With Palazzo Vendramin Calergi, Venice
1703 Isaak van Nikkelen, Dutch artist born in 1635, give or take 5 years.
1641 Gotthardt Wedig, German artist born in 1583.
1631 Jan Symonszoon Pynas, Dutch artist born in 1583 or 1584. LINKS Historical Allegory The Raising of Lazarus
1585 Pierre de Ronsard, poeta francés. RONSARD ONLINE: Oeuvres Complètes (Tome I) Les Amours Poésies Choisies.
1065 Fernando I, rey de Castilla y de León.
0418 Pope St. Zosimus, Pope. His 14-month pontificate served chiefly to reaffirm decrees against the Pelagians and other heresies and to allow churches below the rank of basilica to bless candles.
| Births which occurred on a
1945 The International Monetary Fund.
1945 The World Bank for Reconstruction and Development, created by an ageement signed by 28 nations.
1936 Lee Salk doctor (CBS TV)
1930 Wilfrid Sheed England, writer (Boys of Winter, The Hack)
1929 Lucio Muñoz, pintor español nacido en Madrid y fallecido en su ciudad natal el 24 de mayo de 1998. MÁS SOBRE MUÑOZ EN ART 4 DECEMBER
1926 Rodrigo Carazo Odio, político y economista costarricense.
1915 Cooper, mathematician.
1896 Louis Bromfield Mansfield OH, novelist and essayist (Early Autumn, Pulitzer-1926). He died on 18 March 1956.
1883 Cyrus Eaton, Canadian-born US industrialist and philanthropist, who died on 09 May 1979.
1829 Hinton Helper, southern abolitionist who wrote The Impending Crisis.
1823 Sir Mackenzie Boswell, Canadian prime minister, who died on 19 December 1917.
1822 Louis Pasteur, Dole, France, bacteriologist (pasteurization, rabies vaccine). He died on 28 September 1895. -- Ce biologiste français a effectué de nombreuses recherches et on lui doit le vaccin contre la rage, la découverte de l'aseptie et de l'antiseptie et celle du rôle des bactéries dans la fermentation.
1806 Ramón Cabrera y Griño, militar carlista español.
1799 Serafín Estébanez Calderón, escritor español.
1747 Esteban de Arteaga, jesuita español.
1654 (Julian date = 06 Jan 1655 Gregorian) Jacob Bernoulli.
1586 Francisco de Moncada, político y escritor español.
1571 Johannes Kepler, mathematician, Worttemberg Germany, astronomer (elliptical orbits). He died on 15 November 1630.
1773 George Cayley England, founded science of aerodynamics